Monday, August 24, 2020

Members in the News: Janzen, Glauber, MacDonald, Bozic, Bigelow, Fuller, Gundersen, Jablonski, Richards, Stevens, Bellemare, Khanna, Li, Miao.. et al.

Joseph Janzen, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Joseph Glauber, IFPRI

Small farmers left behind in Trump administration's COVID-19 relief package

By: NBC News & Daily Magazine - August 9, 2020

"It's a constant struggle in U.S. agricultural policy," said Joseph Janzen, a professor of agricultural economics at Kansas State University. "The tension between the mass of small farms and the little group of huge farms makes the idea of equality in farm payments incredibly complicated."

"When you have a program in response to some emergency, you want to get money out as soon as possible," said Joseph Glauber, senior research fellow at the International Food Policy Research Institute and former chief economist at USDA. "But at the same time, people want accountability for those monies. They want to make sure it's going to the right people and that somehow the amount of money going to people is commensurate with the amount of money lost, so you're not overpaying some and underpaying others. To get all those things right is tough," he added.

Read more on: NBC News & Daily Magazine

Joseph Glauber, IFRPI

James MacDonald, USDA-Economic Research Service
Marin Bozic, University of Minnesota

Dairy farm consolidation to continue

By: Agweek - August 17, 2020

"While herd size is not the only factor that matters for production costs, these scale-related cost differences are important. As a result, larger farms are more likely to realize positive net financial returns to milk production," said the report, written by James W. MacDonald.

Consolidation in the dairy industry is nothing new, but the increasingly rapid pace of consolidation is troubling, said Marin Bozic, an assistant professor in the University of Minnesota's College of Food, Agricultural and Natural Resource Sciences. Bozic, whose areas of expertise include demand for dairy and U.S. dairy policy, was asked by Agweek to comment on the ERS report.

Read more on: Agweek

Daniel Bigelow, Montana State University
Kate Fuller, Montana State University

Mixed bag on land values, rental rates

By: Agweek, Duluth News Tribune, & Capital Journal - August 16, 2020

Nationwide, more states showed decreases than increases, said Daniel Bigelow, assistant professor in Montana State University's Department of Agricultural Economics and Economics, who talked with Agweek with about the reports. Top corn- and soybean-producing states appear to be hit the hardest, reflecting such factors as reduced demand for ethanol and the trade war with China. Dairy production has been hit, too, hurting pasture values in major dairy states, he said.

The rental rates reflected in the report were negotiated some time ago and aren't necessarily reflective of the decisions being made now. But the state generally had a good production year in 2019, which apparently helped to hold up rental rates and land values, Fuller said.

Read more on: Agweek, Duluth News Tribune, & Capital Journal

Craig Gundersen, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Becca Jablonski, Colorado State University

Emergency research grant studies how coronavirus affects food systems in the U.S.

By: AgriNews - August 17, 2020

Craig Gundersen, distinguished professor of agricultural and consumer economics in the College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences at the University of Illinois, contributes to the project as lead researcher on Feeding America’s Map the Meal Gap, a database that provides detailed information on local, regional and national food insecurity. Gundersen developed the data collection methods and models to estimate food insecurity rates that comprise the MMG reports.

The five grantees are Joy Casnovsky, Sustainable Food Center Austin, Texas; Beth Feingold, University at Albany; Darcy Freedman, Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio; Steven Gray, Michigan State University; and Becca Jablonski, Colorado State University.

Read more on: AgriNews

Craig Gundersen, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Timothy Richards, Arizona State University

Grant project studies how food retailers work with food banks

By: AgriNews - August 18, 2020

“In this innovative project, we intend to figure out how the retail food sector intersects with the charitable food assistance sector. In other words, how the retail food sector supplies food to food bank,” said Craig Gundersen, distinguished professor of agricultural and consumer economics in the College of Agricultural, Consumer and Environmental Sciences at the University of Illinois and co-principal investigator on the project.

Timothy Richards at Arizona State University leads the grant project, which includes researches from Illinois, The Ohio State University and California Polytechnic State University.

Read more on: AgriNews

Andrew Stevens, University of Wisconsin
Marc Bellemare, University of Minnesota

A famous West African chef and a Dean & Deluca alum have a new ‘it’ grain that could unseat quinoa

By: Fortune - August 15, 2020

The quinoa case study also showed that there can be downsides to popularity, too. As awareness about quinoa skyrocketed, so did the price—and concern that global interest was hurting farmers in Peru, says Andrew Stevens, who holds a doctorate in agricultural and resource economics.

Marc Bellemare and his colleagues Johanna Fajardo-Gonzalez and Seth Gitter published a paper on the welfare impacts of rising quinoa prices and also found little impact. While quinoa and fonio are not parallel situations, Bellemare said there is one principle to consider: Cochrane's agricultural treadmill. 

Read more on: Fortune

Madhu Khanna, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Yijia Li, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Ruiqing Miao, Auburn University

Agricultural Pesticide to Blame for Decrease in Bird Biodiversity, Study

By: Scientific Inquirer & Natural Blaze - August 14, 2020

Khanna and co-authors Yijia Li, a graduate student at U of I, and Ruiqing Miao, assistant professor at Auburn University, analyzed bird populations from 2008 to 2014 in relation to changes in pesticide use and agricultural crop acreage.

Read more on: Scientific Inquirer, Natural Blaze,
The Guardian, Science Daily, Scimex, Gizmodo, Trends Wide, Bird Watching Daily

Joseph Glauber, IFPRI
Paswel Marenya, CIMMYT

Nations spend $600 billion-plus annually on ag subsidies. Here's how that money could feed a more sustainable future

By: GreenBiz - August 12, 2020

To both feed the world and solve climate change, the world needs to produce 50 percent more food in 2050 compared to 2010 while reducing greenhouse gas emissions by two-thirds. While government funding has an important role to play, a new World Bank report I wrote with seven co-authors found that agricultural subsidies are doing little to achieve these goals, but have great potential for reform.

Governments provide on average $600 billion per year for agricultural support in the countries that generate two-thirds of the world’s agriculture. This is a lot of money. Government support averages 30 percent of the agricultural production in these countries (measured by "value added"). Yet our report found that only 5 percent of this funding supports any kind of conservation objective, and only 6 percent supports research and technical assistance. Pure income support accounts for 70 percent.

Read more on: GreenBiz

Todd Hubbs, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Soybeans Rally despite Record Yield Forecast

By: - August 18, 2020

The highly anticipated August Crop Production report presented a record yield for soybeans this year. Despite the forecast of higher production, soybean futures went into the weekend up over 30 cents for the week. Strong Chinese demand and skepticism surrounding production levels supported this rally.

Read more on:

Steven Deller, University of Wisconsin

Amitrajeet A. Batabyal, Rochester Institute of Technology

A wealth tax can alleviate the ill effects of inequality in the United States

By: Rochester Business News  - August 10, 2020

Let us begin with four stylized facts. First, the portion of national income that goes to paying the wages of workers has been declining in the last four decades in most western nations. Second, even when we restrict attention to just the earnings of labor, these earnings themselves have become more unequal over time.

Read more on: Rochester Business News

Craig Gundersen, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Charity can’t fill the COVID-19 hunger gap. Congress must increase SNAP funding now

By: The Kansas City Star - August 12, 2020

“The goal of SNAP is to reduce food insecurity, and study after study demonstrates that it does just that,” said Craig Gunderson, ACES Distinguished Professor at the University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. “SNAP is the most effective government program we have in the U.S. today, and it is particularly important during economic downturns like the one we’re now experiencing.”

Read more on: The Kansas City Star

John Anderson, University of Arkansas

Second quarter gross domestic product drops

By: Guard Online - August 15, 2020

“The second quarter estimate of gross domestic product is arguably the most comprehensive look yet at the impact of COVID-19 and the response to it on the nation’s economy,” said John Anderson, head of the agricultural economics and agribusiness department of the Division of Agriculture and the Dale Bumpers College of Agricultural Food and Life Sciences. “Not surprisingly, that impact has been severely negative.”

Read more on: Guard Online

Courtney Bir, Oklahoma State University
Cheryl DeVuyst, Oklahoma State University

OSU survey targets key elements of beef cattle production

By: The Ada News - August 19, 2020

“We are integrating information from producers, veterinarians and feedlot operators to get the full picture, which will be helpful information for our beef producers across the state,” said Courtney Bir, OSU Extension agricultural economist and research team member. 

“Such research not only strengthens affected individuals and industries and the overall state economy, it also helps us train the next generation of researchers who will be so vital in helping people solve issues and concerns of importance to them, their families and their communities,” DeVuyst said. “We have a saying in the division: We measure our successes by how we help others to succeed.” 

Read more on: The Ada News

Daniel Tregeagle, North Carolina State University

Local farmers adjust and adapt sale models amid coronavirus pandemic

By: The Daily Tar Heel - August 9, 2020

Daniel Tregeagle, assistant professor and extension specialist at N.C. State, said online sales present an equity issue for rural farms. "If your local internet is bad -- and it can be in rural areas -- it makes transitioning online harder than in an area where you have better internet service," Tregeagle said.

Read more on: The Daily Tar Heel

See other Member in the News items

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*Disclaimer - This email is to acknowledge citations of current AAEA members and/or their research in any public media channel. AAEA does not agree nor disagree with the views or attitudes of cited outside publications.

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