Monday, November 5, 2018

Members in the News: Eise, Foster, Adelaja, Funk, Jacobs, Hart, Lele, Guan, Fan, Zhang, Irwin, Pouliot, Keiser, Novakovi, Goeringer, Hayes, Hagerman, Outlaw, Plastina, and Sawadgo

Jessica Eise, Purdue University
Kenneth Foster, Purdue University
World hunger has risen for three straight years, and climate change is a cause
Written by Jessica Eise and Kenneth Foster: The Conversation - October 22, 2018
World hunger has risen for a third consecutive year, according to the United Nations’ annual food security report. The total number of people who face chronic food deprivation has increased by 15 million since 2016. Some 821 million people now face food insecurity, raising numbers to the same level as almost a decade ago.
Read more on: The Conversation and San Francisco Chronicle

*Adesoji Adelaja, Michigan State University
The Link Between Food Security and Terrorism Is Surprisingly Complicated, Report Shows
By: Munchies - October 26, 2018
Published over the summer in Applied Economics Perspective and Policy (AEPP), the study, titled “Food Insecurity and Terrorism,” analyzed data from 130 countries between 2000 and 2014 to see if food insecurity could lead specifically to terrorism in the affected countries. That’s the conclusion at which you might expect such a study to arrive, but its authors, led by Michigan State University professor Adesoji Adelaja, found something different and more nuanced: that countries with greater food abundance are actually more likely—not less—to experience terrorism at home.
Read more on: Munchies

Sam Funk, AgServe, LLC
US farmers turn to Iran to plug hole in soyabean sales
By: Financial Times - October 26, 2018
“Bringing in a market like Iran, and all the others combined, is essential if China is not going to import from us,” said Sam Funk, economist at, and agricultural consultancy in St Louis.
Read more on: Financial Times

Keri Jacobs, Iowa State University
Chad Hart, Iowa State University
Caught Between Trump's Tariffs And Tax Changes, Soybean Farmers Face Uncertain Future
By: National Public Radio - October 26, 2018
And the punches keep coming. The new tax law that reduced corporate taxes also changed the rules for cooperative businesses — and many farmers sell their crops to the local grain cooperative. Keri Jacobs, an agricultural economist at Iowa State University, says the law's changes make deciding whether to stick with a co-op a dicier proposition for some farmers.
At the Key Cooperative elevator in Roland, Iowa, employee Steve Webb cranks open the hopper on a semi to let soybeans cascade into a pit. From there, they'll be conveyed to a nearby storage bin. Iowa State University economist Chad Hart, who closely follows grain markets, says higher prices are on the horizon.
Read more on: National Public Radio

Uma Lele, Institute of Economic Growth, Delhi, India
How to clean up the Ganges?
By: Science Magazine - November 2, 2018
For millennia, the Ganges River, holy to Hindus, has provided livelihoods, food, and water for Nepal, India, and Bangladesh. Last month, one of India's leading environmental activists died after a 111-day hunger strike, failing to evoke changes to save India's most revered river (known as Ganga). After years of unrelenting abuse, Ganga is now one of the world's worst polluted rivers. India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi vowed in 2014 to clean Ganga by 2019, but despite increased funding and much lip service, the river is more polluted than before. Mr. Modi needs a new strategy.
Read more on: Science Magazine

Zhengfei Guan, University of Florida
Florida's tomato industry could be 'wiped out' under new trade deal
By: UPI - October 25, 2018
According to research by Zhengfei Guan and others at the University of Florida's Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, the Mexican government has invested billions of dollars in the country's agricultural sector since 2007 as part of a "National Development Plan."
Read more on: UPI and Florida Phoenix

Shenggen Fan, International Food Policy Research Institute
Go fish! Minnow ‘nutrient bombs’ deployed to end malnutrition
By: Eco-Business - October 22, 2018
“(With) small fish, you can even eat the bones, which have lots of micronutrients,” said Shenggen Fan, head of the Washington-based International Food Policy Research Institute. “It’s a perception thing. Somehow we think small fish is waste.”
Read more on: Eco-Business

Xiaobo Zhang, International Food Policy Research Institute
Air Pollution Is Far More Damaging & Dangerous Than You Think, Here’s Everything You Must Know
By: India Times - October 30, 2018
Air pollution affects your brain health as well, can impact your math skills. Long-term exposure to air pollution, in other words, severely affects cognition skills, according to the study jointly done by Yale and Peking Universities and published in the reputed Proceedings of National Academy of Science (PNAS) journal. “The PNAS study found significant reduction in verbal and math skills of people exposed to air pollution over a long duration of time,’’ said a release sent by Washington-based International Food Policy Research Institute that conducted the study along with Yale and Peking universities. “The effect was more pronounced among men than women--and worst among the elderly,” it added.
Read more on: India Times

Scott Irwin, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Chad Hart, Iowa State University
Ethanol’s Future? Exports Are Crucial
By: Successful Farming - October 23, 2018
Scott Irwin of the Department of Agricultural and Consumer Economics at the University of Illinois summed up the dilemma facing the U.S. ethanol industry in the March 2018 farmdocdaily publication:
“Domestic and export use for U.S. ethanol has increased nicely since 2014, but production capacity and actual production increased even faster. The surge in production basically overwhelmed the rise in use, which caused ethanol stocks to increase and ethanol prices and profits to fall. The fortunes of the U.S. ethanol industry are unlikely to improve until production and use are better balanced. Based on recent production and stocks data, it looks like this could take some time.”
At Iowa State University, ag economist Chad Hart sees a future with a mix of vehicle types. “It’s not a silver bullet but a menu approach,” he says.
Read more on: Successful Farming

Chad Hart, Iowa State University
Iowa Republicans Embrace Trump During E15 Rally
By: Iowa Public Radio - October 10, 2018
“I think you can say that this a storyline that (Trump) hopes will play well within the agricultural audience here,” says Iowa State Agricultural Economist Chad Hart. “Farmers do tend to vote Republican so this is a way to strengthen the base up right before the midterm election.”
Read more on: Iowa Public Radio and Des Moines Register
With soybean prices low, Iowa farmers plan to store more through the winter
By: The Gazette - October 6, 2018
Iowa State University economist Chad Hart said the most recent report doesn’t yet reflect the grain planted earlier this year because it hasn’t been harvested or sent to grain holding yet.
“It’ll be incrementally more stressed than it has been in the past couple of years,” Hart predicted. “We’ve seen big crop after big crop hitting our storage capacity this past few years.
Read more on: The Gazette

Sebastien Pouliot, Iowa State University
Quick relief for ag under E15 no sure bet for Iowans
By: The Gazette - October 8 2018
That has Sebastien Pouliot, an Iowa State University professor specializing in agricultural and natural resource economics, skeptical of any immediate impact.
“Are fuel retailers willing to make the investment?” asked Pouliot, who has studied consumer willingness to pay for ethanol blends as high as E85. “That’s not obvious.”
Read more on: The GazetteQuad-City TimesSioux City Journal, Intelligencer, and MPR News

David Keiser, Iowa State University
Clean Water Act dramatically cut pollution in US waterways
By: Science Daily - October 9, 2018
To perform their analysis, Shapiro and David Keiser, an assistant professor of economics at Iowa State University, had to compile data from three national water quality data repositories. They also tracked down the date and location of each municipal grant, an undertaking that required three Freedom of Information Act requests.

Andrew Novakovi, Cornell University
American dairy farmers try to squeeze another $1 billion out of Trump ahead of midterms
By: abc7 - October 30, 2018
The aid package "had political motivations," said Andrew Novakovi, a professor of agricultural economics at Cornell University. But "I think there was a genuine understanding that these actions exacted a real cost on folks who were important supporters of the long-term agenda."
Read more on: abc7

Paul Goeringer, University of Maryland
Valuing On-Farm Heir’s Sweat Equity Is Complicated and Agreements Should Be Developed to Fairly Compensate On-Farm Heirs
Written by Mason Grahame, Dale Johnson, Catherine Onumajuru, and Paul Goeringer: Medium - October 22, 2018
Determining the value of sweat equity can be both challenging and controversial for farm families. Sweat equity arises as an issue when an on-farm heir receives payment at below market rate, and the farm business grows in size due to an on-farm heir’s below-market labors. Land in the farm may also appreciate in value due to the work of the on-farm heir.
Read more on: Medium

Dermot Hayes, Iowa State University
Economists: China's African Swine Fever Won't Impact U.S. Prices, Unless Disease Gets Out of Hand
By: AgriMarketing - October 22, 2018
"If things got really bad , then Canada would run out of pork, and there might be a point where people would pay those kind of duties," said Dermot Hayes, co-director of the Food and Agricultural Policy Research Institute at Iowa State University. "But the situation would have to get extreme."

Amy Hagerman, Oklahoma State University
Joe Outlaw, Texas A&M University
Seed cotton deadline nearing; expired farm bill generates uncertainty
By: Southwest FarmPress - November 1, 2018
“Do you take the 80/20 and elect to do the seed cotton acres for 80 percent and the unassigned base for 20 percent based on what you expect those payments to be for the next year, and hope you get to reallocate those acres in the future?” says Dr. Amy Hagerman, Oklahoma State University Agricultural Economics assistant professor in Food and Ag Policy. “Or do you make the decision with the assumption that any decision you make on the reallocation would potentially be permanent?”
Assistance is available to all producers or landowners from any cotton-producing state, says Dr. Joe Outlaw, Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service economist and co-director of the Agricultural and Food Policy Center (AFPC) at Texas A&M University in College Station.
Read more on: Southwest FarmPress

Alejandro Plastina, Iowa State University
Wendiam Sawadgo, Iowa State University
Cost-share programs for cover crops
By: Wallaces Farmer - October 22, 2018
A list of cost-share programs for cover crop users and links to online resources was compiled by Alejandro Plastina, Iowa State University Extension economist, and Wendiam Sawadgo, a doctoral student in the ISU department of economics. They had assistance from Sarah Carlson of Practical Farmers of Iowa; Paul Goldsmith of the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service in Iowa; and David Brommel, also with NRCS in Iowa.
Read more on: Wallaces Farmer

Alejandro Plastina, Iowa State University
Iowa Concern Hotline provides resources for farmers
By: Wallaces Farmer - October 25, 2018
Stagnant crop prices, trade disputes and a lukewarm economic forecast for the next several years have left many farmers worried about what the future will bring. This has been a stressful year. “Farmers are concerned with how long these low prices will last,” says Alejandro Plastina, Iowa State University Extension economist. “Is there something on the horizon with upward potential for farm income? Unfortunately, that doesn’t seem to be the case.”
Read more on: Wallaces Farmer

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*Articles in response to the AAEA Communicating Out Strategy Press Releases highlighting: Government Relations, American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Applied Economic Perspectives & Policy, Choices Magazine, General Media, and/or 2018 AAEA Annual Meeting in Washington D.C.

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