Monday, July 30, 2018

Members in the News: Deller, Low, Keiser, Lade, Rudik, Boyle, Loomis, Hart, Martin, Tyner, Marchant, Sumner, Irwin, Taheripou, Hurt, Laborde, Glauber, Alwang, Schnepf, Goetz, Anderson, Hertel, Zhang, and Plastina

Steve Deller, University of Wisconsin-Madison
Sarah Low, USDA Economic Research Service
For Manufacturers, a Complex Mix Can Determine Location
By: The New York Times - July 17, 2018
Rural manufacturers often stay in their original location because of historic roots, according to Steven Deller, a professor at the University of Wisconsin-Madison who specializes in economic growth and development patterns.

Food companies often choose to be near their suppliers because of concerns about perishability and the expense of shipping, said Sarah Low of the Economic Research Service of the Agriculture Department.
Read more on: The New York Times

David Keiser, Iowa State University
Gabriel E. Lade, Iowa State University
Ivan Rudik, Cornell University
Kevin Boyle, Virginia Tech
John Loomis, Colorado State University
Study: National parks get fewer visits when pollution rises
By:  AP News - July 18, 2018
Researchers at Iowa State and Cornell universities looked at more than two decades of data on ozone pollution at 33 parks — from Shenandoah to Yellowstone, the Grand Canyon and Yosemite. They say visitor numbers dropped almost 2 percent when ozone levels went up even slightly and by at least 8 percent in months with three or more days of high ozone levels compared with months with fewer days of high ozone.

Virginia Tech economist Kevin Boyle, who has researched ozone in parks and was a peer reviewer for the study, said it provides “strong, suggestive evidence” that air pollution is changing people’s behavior when planning a park visit. Boyle said follow-up research is needed to confirm the findings.

Park visitors who live nearby are more likely to change their plans than out-of-town visitors who have sunk money into airplane tickets, lodging and rental cars, said John Loomis, an economics professor at Colorado State University who was not involved in the study.
Read more on: AP News

Chad Hart, Iowa State University
Federal aid for farmers is nothing new, but Trump's bailout is
By: CNN Politics - July 25, 2018
These protections were originally implemented to guarantee the nation had adequate food and feed supply, which was crucial to growing the economy, said Chad Hart, an agriculture economist with Iowa State University.
Read more on the topic on: CNN Politics

William Martin, International Food Policy Research Institute
From apples to almonds, looming tariffs from India could hurt West Coast growers
By: CNBC - July 19, 2018
"What tends to happen when these discriminatory tariffs go into effect is that you rearrange trade flows," said Will Martin, a senior research fellow at the International Food Policy Research Institute, a Washington-based think tank and research group.
Read more on: CNBC and Yahoo Finance

Wallace Tyner, Purdue University
Mary Marchant, Virginia Tech
Daniel Sumner, University of California, Davis
Despite Trump's contention, trade deals aren't killing farmers
By: CBS News - July 23, 2018
"We've had good harvests, we've had good weather, we've had ample production -- demand hasn't changed that much," said Wally Tyner, a professor of agricultural economics at Purdue University. "And when supply is greater than demand what happens? Price falls."

The years 2012 to 2014 was "kind of a golden age of agriculture, the best period of time for agriculture, and it wasn't just soybeans. Other prices have fallen since that time," said Mary Marchant, a professor at Virginia Tech's department of agriculture and applied economics. "And it really wasn't because of a change in trade in tariffs."

More broadly, Canadian trade policies have had only a "tiny impact" on America's struggling dairy farmers, Daniel Sumner, an agricultural economist at the University of California, told The Associated Press.
Read more on: CBS News

Scott Irwin, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Chad Hart, Iowa State University
 Factbox: USDA's $12 billion farmer relief package
By: Yahoo - July 25, 2018
The United States has never before offered aid of this scale for the impact of a trade dispute, said Scott Irwin, agricultural economist with the University of Illinois. Large, short-term assistance programs are typically offered during times of recession or low prices for agriculture commodities.

The government last offered farmers a comparable amount of emergency assistance starting in 1998 to address low hog, corn and soybean prices, according to Chad Hart, a professor of economics and crop markets specialist at Iowa State University.
Read more on: Yahoo

Wallace Tyner, Purdue University
Farzad Taheripou, Purdue University
Chris Hurt, Purdue University
Farmers starting to feel effects of trade war
By: The Herald - July 19, 2018
According to a study for the U.S. Soybean Export Council by Purdue University agricultural economists Wally Tyner and Farzad Taheripou, a 30 percent tariff would likely result in a 40 percent drop in U.S. soybean exports, resulting in a 5 percent price drop over a few years. The 25 percent tariff enacted July 6 likely places the loss near that estimate.

As for pork, a study by Purdue University professor of agricultural economics Chris Hurt found that the shift in the global market caused by the tariffs could drop U.S. pork prices up to 4.4 percent. While the price drop would help pork farmers sell more domestically and in other countries, Hurt’s study didn’t expect the increased sales to fill the gap left by China.
Read more on: The Herald

David Laborde, International Food Policy Research Institute
 Hogwash: Farmers Fear Trump Trade Disputes Are Damaging Ag Markets
By: WFPL News - July 16, 2018
The President’s attempt to bring down the U.S. trade deficit has instead increased tension with trading partners, according to David Laborde with International Food Policy Research Institute.

“This is why policy makers are very careful not to play short-term games because there is long-term cost,” Laborde said.

Read more on: WFPL News

Joseph Glauber, International Food Policy Research Institute
 Trade Complicates Farm Economy
By: The Progressive Farmer - July 18, 2018
"You hear all the time that there are no winners in trade wars, only casualties, and I think it's also the case that trade wars aren't easy to win because of that," said Joe Glauber, a senior research fellow at the International Food Policy Research Institute and former chief economist for the USDA. "Every time you say, 'I'll punish them, I'll show them. I'm going to raise tariffs,' someone on your side is also being hurt by that. And I think that's particularly difficult when you launch a trade war on multiple fronts."
Read more on: The Progressive Farmer

Jeff Alwang, Virginia Tech
Virginia Tech professor aids Zimbabwe in poverty analysis amid decades of political strife
By: Bulawayo 24 News - July 19, 2018
Jeff Alwang's relationship with Zimbabwe began in 1997 during a yearlong sabbatical in the nation's capital Harare.

Since then, the country has seen periods of social and political unrest, hyperinflation, challenges to public service funding, and most recently, the removal of long-standing President Robert Mugabe. Yet, it remains one of Alwang's favorite countries.
Read more on: Bulawayo 24 News

Wallace Tyner, Purdue University
Randy Schnepf, Congressional Research Service
Trump’s Specious Trade Tweets
By: Fact Check - July 20, 2018
As Wallace E. Tyner, an agricultural economics professor at Purdue University, told us for a previous story: “The ag sector is seeing some hard times, but it is because of lower prices and not trade. Weather has been pretty good, production high, and prices therefore lower.” (See “Trump Distorts Facts on Agricultural Trade” for more information.)

An Aug. 30, 2013, report by the Congressional Research Service on U.S. farm income said the unexpected drought caused a “dramatic reversal of fortunes” for U.S. farmers.
Read more on: Fact Check and Infosurhoy

Stephen Goetz, Penn State University
Poor mental health days may cost the economy billions of dollars
By: - July 20, 2018
In an analysis of economic and demographic data from 2008 to 2014, the researchers found that a single extra poor mental health day in a month was associated with a 1.84 percent drop in the per capita real income growth rate, resulting in $53 billion less total income each year, said Stephan Goetz, professor of agricultural and regional economics, Penn State, and director of the Northeast Regional Center for Rural Development.
Read more on:

David Anderson, Texan A&M University
‘Dang, that's a lot of meat,’ A&M professor says as U.S. surplus grows
By: KWTX-TV News 10 - July 24, 2018
"Dang, that's a lot of meat," says Dr. David Anderson, professor of agricultural economics in Department of Agricultural Economics at Texas A&M University said Tuesday. At least, it sounds like a lot of meat, but not so fast, there, cowboy, Anderson says. "We store hundreds of tons of meat in the U.S. all the time because once it's butchered, meat has to be kept cold. That's nothing new," he said. Perhaps current stores of beef don't show an alarming trend, but U.S. freezers show significant upticks in stores of pork and poultry, he said.
Read more on: KWTX-TV News 10

Thomas Hertel, Purdue University
American farmers enjoy a trade surplus. Trump could wipe it out
By: WTVA News - July 26, 2018
"We've run a trade surplus in agriculture," said Thomas Hertel, a professor of agricultural economics at Purdue University. "Any tariffs levied against us in agriculture will imperil that. It's making the US less competitive."
Read more on: WTVA News

Wendong Zhang, Iowa State University
Alejandro Plastina, Iowa State University
Survey: A third of Iowa farmland owners over 75
By: Iowa Farmer Today - July 24, 2018
Sixty percent were over the age of 65, which is 5 percentage points higher than 2007 and twice the level recorded in 1982, say Wendong Zhang and Alejandro Plastina, assistant professors and Extension economists at Iowa State, who released results of the 2017 Farmland Ownership and Tenure survey at a press conference June 28 in Ames.

Conducted by Iowa State University since the 1940s, the Farmland Ownership and Tenure Survey — completed every five years — focuses on forms of ownership, tenancy and transfer of farmland in Iowa, and characteristics of landowners. The latest survey was conducted in July 2017.
Read more on: Iowa Farmer Today, Wallaces Farmer, and ASFMRA AgNews

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